How Full Grain Leather is Made

Full-grain leather is made from the whole side of the animal, whether it is cow leather kangaroo, cow, or any other animal. The hide of an animal is most powerful and most long-lasting just below the hair. Once the hair is released during processing, the natural grain design is visible.

The leather made with this part of the hide is called full-grain leather, and because the grain is tighter at this layer, it resists moisture very well. Full-grain leather contains the entire grain of the hide with all the faults and innate toughness of the material. Other types of leather use only some layers of the hide.


The effects of full-grain leather are derived from the skin of the animal it comes from. Because it is not trimmed or shaved to remove imperfections or make it more insubstantial it shows any scratches defects, or damage on the animal hide while it was alive.

Full-grain leather is usually hard since it is thicker than other leathers like top-grain. It is harder to work with as well, resulting in the higher cost of the end product. Full-grain leather looks better with time as it absorbs oils and develops a patina from being handled.


All full-grain leather will be marked with scratches and imperfections that result from wear and tear from the animal’s activity, like insect bites and rubbing against a fence. The high-end manufacturers do not use hides with obvious defects. Full Grain Leather vs Genuine Leather

but even the best quality hides will have minor imperfections. These imperfections add to the individuality of each leather product and are an indicator that it is genuine full-grain leather. The leather’s appearance will tell the story of the animal it is from, by tracing the history through the marks and blemishes that each event has left upon it.